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Iloilo City

Iloilo City
Administration
Full nameCity of Iloilo
Official nameCity of Iloilo
Native nameCiudad sang Iloilo
Native name langSyudad sang Iloilo
Settlement typeCity
MottoSulong iloilo, Uswag Iloilo! (Onward Iloilo), Adelante Iloilo, Hala Bira Iloilo!!
CountryPhilippines
RegionRegion 6 (Western Visayas)
ProvinceIloilo
DistrictsArevalo, City Proper, La Paz, Mandurriao, Molo, Jaro, Lapuz
public180
Founded
  • * 1581: La Villa Rica de Arevalo * 1890: Establishment of Ayuntamiento of Iloilo * July 16, 1937: Incorporation of five towns and establishment of the City of Iloilo
  • Government
    MayorJed Patrick E. Mabilog (Liberal)
    Vice MayorJose S. Espinosa III
    City RepresentativesJerry Treñas (Liberal)
    Geography
    Total Area30.2 sq mi (78.34 km2)
    Metro Area375.3 sq mi (972.3 km2)
    Elevation7 ft (2.1 m)
    Demography
    Total Population418710 (2007)
    Density (pop.)5981/km2 (15490.8/sq mi)
    Other information
    Time zonePST (UTC)
    ZIP code5000
    Area code33
    GentilicIlonggo

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    The City of Iloilo (Filipino: Lungsod ng Iloilo, Hiligaynon: Ciudad sang Iloilo or Dakbanwa sang Iloilo, Spanish: "Ciudad de Iloilo") is a highly urbanized city in the Philippines and the capital city of Iloilo province. It is the regional center of the Western Visayas, as well as the center of the Iloilo-Guimaras Metropolitan Area. In the 2007 census, Iloilo City had a population of 418,710 with a 1.8% population annual growth rate. It is bordered by the towns of Oton in the east, Pavia in the north, Leganes in the northeast and the Iloilo Strait in its eastern and southern coastline. The city was a conglomeration of former towns, which are now the geographical districts, composing of: Jaro, Molo, La Paz, Mandurriao, Villa Arevalo, and Iloilo City Proper. The district of Lapuz, a former part of La Paz, was declared a separate district in 2008.

    The history of Iloilo City dates back to the Spanish colonial period, starting out as a small and incoherent grouping of fishermen's hamlets from the Iloilo River by a large swamp which after 1855 became the second most important port of call in the colony due to transhipment of sugar products from the neighboring Negros Island. It was later given the honorific title of "La Muy Leal y Noble Ciudad" (English: The Most Loyal and Noble City) by the Queen Regent of Spain . At the turn of the 20th century, Iloilo City was second to the primate city of Manila, with stores along Calle Real selling luxury products from all over the world, an agricultural experimental station established at La Paz in 1888, a school of Arts and Trades which opened in 1891, and a telephone network system operating in 1894.


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