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US State
NicknameGem State
MottoEsto perpetua
Official languagesEnglish
Largest citycapital
Largest metro areaBoise metropolitan area
Area Ranked14th
Total83570 sq mi 216632 km2
Width305 mi 491 km
Length479 mi 771 km
% water0.98
Pop. Rank39th
Total1,567,582 (2010 Census)
Density15.64 /sq mi 6.04 /km2
Highest pointBorah Peak
12662 ft 3862 m
Mean5000 ft 1524 m
Lowest pointSnake River
710 ft 217 m
Other information
Admission to UnionJuly 3, 1890 (43rd)
GovernorC.L. "Butch" Otter (R)
Lieutenant GovernorBrad Little (R)
LegislatureIdaho Legislature
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsMike Crapo (R)
Jim Risch (R)
U.S. House delegation1-Raúl Labrador (R)
2-Mike Simpson (R)
- north of Salmon River - Pacific: UTC−8/−7
- remainder - Mountain: UTC−7/−6
Time zonePacific: UTC−8/−7

     Home | State | Idaho

Idaho c-enaudio=en-us-Idaho.oggˈaɪdəhoʊ is a state in the Northwestern United States. The state's largest city and capital is Boise. Residents are called "Idahoans". Idaho was admitted to the Union on July 3, 1890, as the 43rd state.

Idaho is a mostly mountainous state, and is the 14th largest state by land area, with an area larger than that of all of New England. It is landlocked, surrounded by the states of Washington, Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, Montana and the Canadian province of British Columbia. However, the network of dams and locks on the Columbia River and Snake River make the city of Lewiston the farthest inland seaport on the Pacific coast of the contiguous United States.

According to the United States Census 2010, Idaho had a population of 1,567,582. The state's postal abbreviation is ID. Idaho's nickname is the Gem State, because nearly every known gemstone has been found there. In addition, Idaho is one of only two places in the world where star garnets can be found (the other is the Himalaya Mountains, in Pakistan and India), and is the only place six-pointed star garnets have been found. Additionally Idaho is sometimes called the Potato State due to its popular crop. The state motto is Esto Perpetua (Latin for "Let it be forever").

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