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German NameHessen
State CoaCoat of arms of Hesse.svg
FlagFlag of Hesse.svg
Largest CityFrankfurt
Pop Date2007-09-30
GDP Year2010
LeaderVolker Bouffier
Leader PartyCDU
Ruling Party1CDU
Ruling Party2FDP
Iso RegionDE-HE
DateSeptember 2010

     Home | State | Hesse

Hesse c-enˈhɛs or Hessia ( -deˈhɛsən, Hessian dialect: 'Hesse' -deˈhɛzə) is both a cultural region of Germany and the name of an individual German state.

* The cultural region of Hesse includes both the State of Hesse and the area known as Rhenish Hesse in the neighbouring Rhineland-Palatinate state. The oldest and second largest Hessian city, Mainz, is in Rhenish Hesse.

* The State of Hesse ( , literally "Country of Hesse") is part of the larger cultural region. It has an area of 21110 km2 (21110000000 m2) and just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden. Hesse's largest city is Frankfurt am Main.

The English name "Hesse" comes from French or the Hessian dialect. The variant "Hessia" comes from the medieval latin Hassia. The German term Hessen is used by the European Commission, not because it is English, but because their general policy is to leave regional names untranslated (paragraphs 1.31 & 1.35). The term "Hesse" ultimately derives from a Germanic tribe called the Chatti, who settled in the region in the first century B.C.

An inhabitant of Hesse is called a Hessian (German: Hesse (masculine) or Hessin (feminine)) (see also Hessian (soldiers)).

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