It also serves as an alternate airport for Mexico City, being part of the metropolitan airport group for the Mexican capital, comprising the airports of Mexico City, Toluca, Cuernavaca and Querétaro.
The airport was inaugurated on 18 November 1985 and since 2001 was given in concession to Operadora Estatal de Aeropuertos (OEA) for operation and development. OEA is a company founded specifically to manage and carry out investments to extend airport facilities. The following entities take part in OEA's establishment:
* Puebla State Government (26 %)
* Operadora Internacional de Aeropuertos (49 %)
* Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares (25 %)
In 2003 the US Trade and Development Agency (TDA) provided a grant for US $550,000 to OEA to enable the completion of a project feasibility study regarding the upgrade of the Puebla International Airport. OEA subsequently retained the services of The Louis Berger Group Inc. from the US to complete the study, which concludes that in the long term the airport might serve up to 15 million passengers annually considering that the city of Puebla is ranked number four among mexican cities based on its population.