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Henrietta Maria of France

Henrietta Maria of France
Henriette Marie by Anthony van Dyck
Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland
Reign13 June 1625 30 January 1649
SpouseCharles I of England and Scotland
Charles II
Mary, Princess of Orange
James II of England & VII of Scotland
Princess Elizabeth of England
Princess Anne of England
Henry, Duke of Gloucester
Henrietta, Duchess of Orléans
HouseHouse of Stuart
House of Bourbon
FatherHenry IV of France
MotherMarie de' Medici
Date of burial13 September 1669
Place of burialRoyal Basilica of Saint Denis,

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Henrietta Maria of France (French: Henriette Marie de France); (25 November 1609 10 September 1669) was the Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as the wife of King Charles I. She was mother of two kings, Charles II and James II, and grandmother of two queens and one king, Mary II, William III and Anne of Great Britain, as well as paternal aunt of Louis XIV of France.

Her Catholic religion made her unpopular in England, and also prohibited her from being crowned in an Anglican service; therefore she never had a coronation. She began to immerse herself in national affairs as civil war loomed on the horizon, and was compelled to seek refuge in France in 1644, following the birth of her youngest daughter, Henrietta, during the height of the First English Civil War. The execution of King Charles in 1649 left her impoverished. She settled in Paris, and then returned to England after the Restoration of her eldest son, Charles, to the throne. In 1665, she moved back to Paris, where she died four years later.The U.S. state of Maryland was named in her honour.

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