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Hendrik Verwoerd

Personal data
Date of birth8 September 1901
Place of birthAmsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
Date of death6 September 1966(age 64)
Place of deathCape Town, Cape Province, South Africa
Political partyNational Party
SpouseBetsie Schoombie
OccupationPolitician
ReligionDutch Reformed Church
7th Prime Minister of South Africa
In office2 September 1958 - 6 September 1966
MonarchElizabeth II (1958 1961)
PresidentCharles Robberts Swart (1961 1966)
Governor generalErnest George Jansen (1958 1959)
Charles Robberts Swart (1959 1961)
Succeeded byT. E. Dönges
as Acting Prime Minister
Preceded byJohannes Gerhardus Strijdom

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Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd (8 September 1901 6 September 1966), commonly identified as H.F. Verwoerd, was Prime Minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination in 1966. He is remembered as the man behind the conception and implementation of apartheid, a system of racial segregation dividing ethnic groups in the country.

He was Prime Minister during the establishment of the Republic of South Africa in 1960, thereby fulfilling the Afrikaner dream of an independent republic for South Africans. During his tenure as Prime Minister, anti-Apartheid movements such as the African National Congress (ANC) and Pan Africanist Congress were banned, and the Rivonia Trial, which prosecuted ANC leaders, was held.

Numerous major roads, places and facilities in towns and cities in South Africa were named after Verwoerd, like the H. F. Verwoerd Airport in Port Elizabeth, the

Verwoerd Dam in the Free State, the H.F Verwoerd Academic Hospital in Pretoria, and the town of Verwoerdburg. In post-apartheid South Africa, most of them have been renamed.


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