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Full nameGuelph
Official nameGuelph
Settlement typeIndependent city
MottoFaith, Fidelity and Progress
CountyWellington County (independent)
City Wards6
FoundedApril 23, 1827
IncorporatedApril 23, 1879
MayorKaren Farbridge
Governing BodyGuelph City Council
MPsFrank Valeriote (LPC)
MPPsLiz Sandals (OLP)
Land Area33.5 sq mi (86.72 km2)
Urban Area30.3 sq mi (78.39 km2)
Metro Area146.1 sq mi (378.45 km2)
Elevation1095.8 ft (334 m)
Total Population114943 (2006)
Density (pop.)1325.5/km2 (3433/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)115635
Metro (pop.)127009
Other information
Time zoneEST (UTC−5)
- Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code spanN
Area code519, 226

     Home | City | Guelph

Guelph (c-eniconˈɡwɛlf; Canada 2006 Census population 114,943) is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Known as "The Royal City", Guelph is roughly 28 km (17.4 mi) east of Waterloo and 100 km (62.1 mi) west of downtown Toronto at the intersection of Highway 6 and Highway 7. It is the seat of Wellington County, but is politically independent of it. Because of its low crime rates, clean environment and generally high standard of living, Guelph is consistently rated as one of the country's best places to live.. Guelph has recently been noted as having the lowest unemployment rate in the country at 4.2%.

The name Guelph comes from the Italian Guelfo and the Bavarian-Germanic Welf. It is a reference to King George IV monarch at the time of its founding (whose family was from the House of Hanover, a younger branch of the House of Welf) and a tongue in cheek reference to the (then) ascendant German population in neighbouring Berlin. (Guelphs being the name given to the northern Italian factions who opposed the reign of the Holy Roman Empire, i.e. medieval Germany, in the 12th to 16th centuries).

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