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General information
Common nameGreenland
Local nameKalaallit Nunaat  
NameKalaallit Nunaat  
AnthemNunarput utoqqarsuanngoravit (Greenlandic)
"You Our Ancient Land!"
CapitalNuuk (Godthåb)
Largest citycapital
Official languagesGreenlandic (Kalaallisut)
Ethnic groups88% Inuit (including Inuit-Danish mixed)
12% Europeans,
mostly Danes
DemonymGreenlander, Greenlandic
GovernmentParliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchy
QueenMargrethe II
High CommissionerMikaela Engell
Prime MinisterKuupik Kleist
AutonomyAutonomy (within the Kingdom of Denmark)
Norwegian sovereignty 1261
Contact re-established1721
Ceded to Denmark 14 January 1814
Status of amt5 June 1953
Home rule1 May 1979
Further autonomy and self rule21 June 2009
Total Area836109 sq mi (2165522.3 km2) (12th)
Water %83.1 
Population Est.56615
Density (pop.)0.027/km2 (0.1/sq mi)
GDP PPP$2.122 billion (2007) (n/a)
GDP (PPP) per capita$37,517  (n/a)
Other information
HDI0.927 (1998) (very high) (n/a)
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Time zoneGMT (UTC+0 to −4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+299

     Home | Country | Greenland

Greenland ( meaning "Land of the Greenlanders"; ) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe (specifically Norway and Denmark) for about a millennium. The largest island in Greenland is also named Greenland, and makes up most of the country's land area.

Greenland has been inhabited, though not continuously, by Inuit peoples via Canada for 4500-5000 years. In the 10th century, Norsemen settled on the uninhabited southern part of Greenland. In the 13th century, the Inuit arrived, and in the late 15th century the Norse colonies were abandoned. In the early 18th century contact between Scandinavia and Greenland was re-established and Denmark established rule over Greenland.

Greenland became a Danish colony in 1814 after being under the rule of Denmark-Norway for centuries.

With the Constitution of Denmark of 1953, Greenland became a part of the Kingdom of Denmark in a relationship known in Danish as Rigsfællesskabet (Commonwealth of the Realm).

In 1979 Denmark granted home rule to Greenland, and in 2008 Greenland voted to transfer more power from the Danish royal government to the local Greenlandic government. This became effective the following year, with the Danish royal government in charge of foreign affairs, security (defence-police-justice), and financial policy, and providing a subsidy of DKK 3.4 billion, or approximately $11,300 per Greenlander, annually.

Greenland is, by area, the world's largest island that is not a continent. With a population of 56,615 (January 2011 estimate) it is one of the least densely populated dependencies or countries in the world.

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