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Gothenburg

Administration
Full nameGothenburg
Native nameGöteborg
CountrySweden
ProvinceVästergötland and Bohuslän
CountyVästra Götaland County
MunicipalityGothenburg Municipality,
Härryda Municipality,
Partille Municipality and
Mölndal Municipality
Charter1621
Geography
Total Area173.7 sq mi (450 km2)
Water Area5.6 sq mi (14.5 km2)
Urban Area78.6 sq mi (203.67 km2)
Metro Area1434.8 sq mi (3717 km2)
Demography
Total Population516532 (2011 (urban: 2010))
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)549839
Metro (pop.)933560
Other information
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)

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Gothenburg ( ; pronounced -svjœtəˈbɔrjsv-Göteborg is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries. Situated on the west coast of Sweden, the city proper has a population of 516,532, with 549,839 in the urban area and total of 933,560 inhabitants in the metropolitan area. Gothenburg is classified as a global city by GaWC, with a ranking of Gamma−.

The City of Gothenburg was founded in 1621 by King Gustavus Adolphus. It lies by the sea at the mouth of Göta Älv-the river running through the city-and is the largest seaport in the Nordic countries.

Gothenburg is home to many students, as the city includes both the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology. Volvo Cars was founded in Gothenburg in 1927. The city is a major centre in Sweden for sports and home to the IFK Göteborg, GAIS and Örgryte IS association football teams as well as the Frölunda HC ice hockey team.

Gothenburg is served by Gothenburg-Landvetter Airport, located 30 km (18.6 mi) southeast of the city centre. It is the second largest airport in Sweden.


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