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Full nameState of Goiás
Native name langpt
Settlement typeState
Capital and Largest CityGoiânia
GovernorMarconi Perillo
Vice GovernorJosé Eliton
Total Area131273.2 sq mi (340086 km2)
Area rank7th
Total Population6004045 (12th) (2010 census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (17th) (0/sq mi)
Year2006 estimate
TotalR$ 57,091,000,000 (9th)
Per capitaR$ 9,962 (12th)
Category0.800 - high (9th)
Other information
Time zoneBRT (UTC-3)
- Summer (DST)BRST (UTC-2)
Postal Code73700-000 to 76790-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-GO

     Home | City | Goias

Goiás (-ptɡoˈjas) is a state of Brazil, located in the central part of the country. The name Goiás (formerly, Goyaz) comes from the name of an indigenous community. The original word seems to have been 'guaiá' , a compound of gua e iá, meaning "the same person" or "people of the same origin." Neighboring states are (from north clockwise) Tocantins, Bahia, Minas Gerais, the Federal District, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso.

The most central of the Brazilian states and the most populous of the region, Goiás is characterized by a landscape of chapadões (plateaus). In the height of the drought season, from June to September, the lack of rain makes the level of the Araguaia River go down and exposes almost 2 km (1.2 mi) of beaches, making it the main attraction of the State. At the Emas National Park in the municipality of Mineiros, it is possible to observe the typical fauna and flora from the region. At the Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions are the canyons, valleys, rapids and waterfalls. Other attractions are the historical city of Goiás (or Old Goiás), 132 km (82 miles) from Goiânia, established in the beginning of 18th Century, and Caldas Novas, with its hot water wells attracting more than one million tourists per year.

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