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Full nameGhazni
Native nameغزني
Settlement typeCity
ProvinceGhazni Province
DistrictGhazni District
Elevation7280.2 ft (2219 m)
Total Population141000 (2006)
Other information
Time zoneAfghanistan Standard Time (UTC+4:30)

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For the Province of Ghazni see Ghazni Province

Ghazni (Pashto/ - Ġaznī; historically known as غزنین / Ġaznīn and غزنه / Ġazna) is a city in central-east Afghanistan with a population of about 141,000 people. Situated on a plateau at 7,280 feet (2,219 m) above sea level, the city is considered more like a town by international standard and serves as the capital of Ghazni Province. It is linked by a highway with Kandahar to the south-west, Kabul to the northeast and Gardez to the east.

Just like other cities of Afghanistan, Ghazni is very old and has witnessed many military invasions. In pre-Islamic days, the area was inhabitated by Buddhists and Hindus until the Saffarids from Zarang in the east came to spread Islam in the 9th century. Sabuktigin made it the capital of the Ghaznvid Empire in the 10th century. It was later destroyed by the Ghurids, when one of its rulers completey burned the city to the ground. During the First Anglo-Afghan War in the 19th century, it was again destroyed by the British-Indian forces. The city is currently being rebuilt by the NATO states, mainly by the United States.

More than 70 percent of Ghazni population are Persian-speaking and ca. 25 percent speak Pashto.

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