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Galicia (Spain)

Administration
Full nameGalicia
Settlement typeAutonomous Community
AnthemOs Pinos
CountrySpain
Government
CapitalSantiago de Compostela
TypeDevolved government in a constitutional monarchy
BodyXunta de Galicia
PresidentAlberto Núñez Feijóo
Geography
Total Area11415.7 sq mi (29574.4 km2)
Area rank7th (5.8% of Spain)
Demography
Total Population2796089 (5th (6% of Spain)) (2009)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
DemonymGalician
galego (m), galega (f)
gallego (m), gallega (f)
Other information
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166-2GA
Area code+34 98-
Statute of Autonomy1936
28 April 1981
Official languagesGalician and Spanish
Patron saintSt. James (Santiago o Maior)
Parliament75 deputies
Congress25 deputies (out of 350)
Senate19 senators (out of 264)

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Galicia (c-enaudio=en-us-Galicia-2 is an autonomous community in northwest Spain, with the official status of a nationality of Spain. It is constituted under the Galician Statute of Autonomy of 1981. Its component provinces are A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense and Pontevedra. It is bordered by Portugal to the south, the Spanish autonomous communities of Castile and León and Asturias to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Bay of Biscay to the north.

Besides its continental territory, Galicia includes the archipelagos of Cíes, Ons, Sálvora, as well as Cortegada Island, the Malveiras Islands, Sisargas Islands, and Arousa Island.

Galicia has roughly 2.78 million inhabitants as of 2008, with the largest concentration in two coastal areas, from Ferrol to A Coruña in the north-west and from Vilagarcía to Vigo in the south-west. The capital is Santiago de Compostela, in the province of A Coruña. Vigo, in the province of Pontevedra, is the most populous municipality with 297,332 inhabitants and the second most populous city with 206,411 habitants; while A Coruña is the most populous city with 220,581 habitants and the second most populous municipality with 246,056 habitants in its municipality (INE 2009). Both cities are the cores of the two major metropolitan areas of Galicia.

Galicia has its own historic language, Galician, a Romance language that, along with Portuguese, descends from medieval Galician-Portuguese.


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