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First Sino-Japanese War

First Sino-Japanese War
First Sino-Japanese War, major battles and troop movements
Military Conflict
ConflictFirst Sino � Japanese War
Date1 August 1894 � 17 April 1895
LocationKorea, Manchuria, Taiwan, Yellow Sea
ResultJapanese victory; a significant loss of prestige for the Qing Dynasty. *Joseon Korea removed from Qing vassalage. *Korean Peninsula transferred to Japanese sphere of influence.
Qing Empire cedes Taiwan, Penghu, and the Liaodong Peninsula to the Empire of Japan.
Qing Dynasty Qing Empire
Empire of Japan
Qing Dynasty Li Hongzhang
Qing Dynasty Ding Ruchang 
Qing Dynasty Deng Shichang 
Empire of Japan Itō Hirobumi
Empire of Japan Yamagata Aritomo
Empire of Japan Itō Sukeyuki
630,000 men
Beiyang Army
Beiyang Navy
240,000 men
Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Navy
35,000 dead or wounded
1,132 dead,
3,973 wounded
11,894 died of disease

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The First Sino � Japanese War (1 August 1894 � 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing Dynasty China and Meiji Japan, primarily over control of Korea. After more than six months of continuous successes by Japanese army and naval forces and the loss of the Chinese port of Weihaiwei, the Qing leadership sued for peace in February 1895.

Direct results of the war showed that the military strength and sovereignty of the Qing Dynasty had been severely weakened during the nineteenth century; and it demonstrated that forced reform had modernized Japan significantly since the Meiji Restoration in 1867, especially as compared with the Self-Strengthening Movement in China. Regional dominance in East Asia shifted from China to Japan; and the Qing Dynasty, along with the classical tradition in China, suffered a major blow. These trends would later manifest in the 1911 Revolution.

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