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Ewe language

NameEwe
NativenameÈʋe / Èʋegbe
StatesGhana, Togo
RegionSouthern Ghana east of the Volta River, southern Togo
Speakers3½ million (2003)
EthnicityEwe people
FamilycolorNiger-Congo
Fam2Atlantic Congo
Fam3Volta Niger
Fam4Gbe
ScriptLatin alphabet
Iso1ee|iso2=ewe|iso3=ewe
NoticeIPA

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Ewe (Èʋe or Èʋegbe -eeèβeɡ͡be) is a Niger Congo language spoken in Ghana, Togo and Benin by approximately six million people. Ewe is part of a cluster of related languages commonly called Gbe, spoken in southeastern Ghana, Togo, and parts of Benin. Other Gbe languages include Fon, Gen, Phla Phera, and Aja. Like other Gbe languages, Ewe is a tonal language which means that the tones of certain words can greatly alter the meaning of those words, even if their pronunciations stay the same.

The German Africanist Diedrich Hermann Westermann published many dictionaries and grammars of Ewe and several other Gbe languages. Other linguists who have worked on Ewe and closely related languages include Gilbert Ansre (tone, syntax), Herbert Stahlke (morphology, tone), Nick Clements (tone, syntax), Roberto Pazzi (anthropology, lexicography), Felix K. Ameka (semantics, cognitive linguistics), Alan Stewart Duthie (semantics, phonetics), Hounkpati B. Capo (phonology, phonetics), Enoch Aboh (syntax), and Chris Collins (syntax).


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