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Ethiopian National Defense Force

Ethiopian National Defense Force
Flag of Ethiopia
NameEthiopian National Defense Force
CaptionFlag of Ethiopia
BranchesEthiopian Army, Ethiopian Air Force, Ethiopian Navy (1955-1991)
Active182,500 (ranked 23rd)
Amount$450 million (2007)
Percent GDP2.4%
Domestic SuppliersHibret Machine Tools Engineering company
Gafat Armament Engineering Complex
Bishoftu Motorization Engineering Complex
Dejen Aviation Engineering Complex
Homicho Ammunition Engineering Complex
Nazareth Canvass and Garment Factory
Zuqualla Steel Rolling Mill
Branna Printing Enterprise
Foreign SuppliersUnited States

     Home | National Military | Ethiopian National Defense Force

The Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) is the military of Ethiopia.

Civil direction of the military is carried out through the Ministry of Defense, which oversees the ground, air, as well as military industry (the Defense Industry Sector). The current Minister is Siraj Fergessa.

The size of the ENDF has been fluctuating following the end of the war with Eritrea in 2000. In 2002, there were approximately 400,000 troops. This was roughly the same number maintained during the Derg regime that fell to the rebel forces in 1991. However, that number was later reduced, and in January 2007, during the War in Somalia, Ethiopian forces were said to comprise about 300,000 troops.

The ENDF consists of the four branches: Ground Forces, Ethiopian Air Force, Police, and Militia. Being a landlocked country, Ethiopia today has no navy. However, Ethiopia acquired a coastline on the Red Sea in 1950 and created the Ethiopian Navy in 1955. It operated until Eritrea's independence in 1991 left Ethiopia landlocked again.

The ENDF term of service is a sixteen month service, of which four of the months are used for training. The service is voluntary.

Ethiopia has today several defence industrial organizations that produces and overhauls different weapons systems. Most of these were built under the Derg regime which had plans for a large military industrial complex.

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