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Ethiopian Civil War

Ethiopian Civil War
Disabled T-62 tank in Addis Ababa, 1991
Military Conflict
ConflictEthiopian Civil War
ResultFall of the Derg, installation of TPLF-led transitional government, to become EPRDF government
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party
All-Ethiopia Socialist Movement
Tigray People's Liberation Front
Eritrean People's Liberation Front
Oromo Liberation Front
Western Somali Liberation Front
Eritrean Liberation Front
Afar Liberation Front
Ethiopian Democratic Union;
Ogaden National Liberation Front
(not allied)
Ethiopia Government of Ethiopia
Supported by (1987-1991)
East Germany East Germany
Soviet UnionSoviet Union
North Korea
Ethiopia Mengistu Haile Mariam
230,000-1.4 million dead

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The Ethiopian Civil War began on September 12, 1974 when the Marxist Derg staged a coup d'état against Emperor Haile Selassie, and lasted until the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a coalition of rebel groups, overthrew the government in 1991. The war overlapped other Cold War conflicts in Africa, such as the Angolan Civil War (1975 2002). The war left 230,000-1.4 million dead.

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