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German location
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
BrgermeisterReinhard Paß
Governing partySPD
Basic statistics
Area (km2)210.32
Elevation (m)116
Pop. Urban5.302.179
Other information
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plateE
Postal code45001 45359
Area code0201, 02054 (Kettwig)

     Home | City | Essen

Essen (-deˈɛsən) is a city in the central part of the Ruhr area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Located on the River Ruhr, its population of approximately 579,000 (as of June 30, 2008) makes it the 9th-largest city in Germany. For the year 2010, Essen was the European Capital of Culture on behalf of the whole Ruhr area.

Formerly one of Germany's most important coal and steel centres and historically linked to the centuries-old Krupp family iron works, the city has developed a strong tertiary sector of the economy and (sometimes together with nearby Düsseldorf) claims to be the "desk of the Ruhr area". It is home to 13 of the 100 largest German corporations and seat to several of the region's authorities.

In 1958, the city was chosen to serve as the seat to a Roman Catholic diocese (often referred to as Ruhrbistum or diocese of the Ruhr). In early 2003, the universities of Essen and the nearby city of Duisburg (both established in 1972) were merged into the University of Duisburg-Essen with campuses in both cities and a university hospital in Essen.

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