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Enugu

Administration
Full nameEnugu
Native nameÉnugwú
Settlement typeCity
CountryNigeria
StateEnugu
LGAEnugu East, Enugu North, Enugu South
Incorporatedin 1909
Ogui Nike people
Named forits hilly geography
Government
TypeExecutive Chairman-Council
Governing bodyLocal Government Council
PartyPDP
ChairmanEmeka Nnamani (Enugu North);
Paul Ogbe (Enugu South Urban);
Theresa Egbo (Enugu South Rural);
Christopher Ugwu (Enugu East)
Geography
Total Area43.6 sq mi (113 km2)
Metro Area77.2 sq mi (200 km2)
Elevation664 ft (202.4 m)
Demography
Total Population722664 (2006)
Other information
Time zoneWAT (UTC+1)
Postcode400...
Area code042

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Enugu (-eneɪˈnuːɡuː , ) is the capital of Enugu State in Nigeria. It is located in the southeastern area of Nigeria and is largely populated by members of the Igbo ethnic group. The city has a population of 722,664 according to the 2006 Nigerian census. The name Enugu is derived from the two Igbo words Enu Ugwu meaning "hill top" denoting the city's hilly geography. The city was named after Enugwu Ngwo which coal was found under.

Since the 17th century the location of present day Enugu has been settled by the Nike (-enniːˈkeɪlang ) subgroup of the Igbo people; one of Enugu's neighbourhoods still retains the village's old name Ogui. In 1900 the Southern Nigeria Protectorate was established by the colonial administration of the British Empire. The discovery of coal by the colonialists led to the building of the Eastern Line railway to carry coal from the inland city to the port of Port Harcourt, a city created for this purpose located 151 mi (243 km) south of what was called Enugu Coal Camp. Enugu was then renamed simply Enugu and developed among the few cities in West Africa that were created from European contact. By 1958 Enugu had over 8,000 coal miners. there are no significant coal mining activities left in the city.

Enugu became the capital of the Eastern Region after Nigeria's independence in 1960; a succession of territory adjustments in 1967, 1976 and 1991 led to Enugu becoming the capital of what is now Enugu State. On 30 May 1967 Enugu was declared the capital of the short-lived Republic of Biafra; for this Enugu is known as the "capital of Igboland." After Enugu was captured by Nigeria, the Biafran capital was moved to Umuahia.

Industries currently in the city include the urban market and bottling industries. Enugu has become a preferred filming location for directors of the Nigerian movie industry, dubbed as "Nollywood". Enugu's main airport is the Akanu Ibiam International Airport which is being upgraded to accommodate large aircraft. The main educational establishment in the city is the Enugu campus of the University of Nigeria based in Nsukka, a town north of Enugu and in the same state.


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