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Ensenada, Baja California

Full nameCiudad de Ensenada
City of Ensenada
Official nameCiudad de Ensenada
City of Ensenada
Settlement typeCity
StateBaja California Baja California
FoundedSeptember 17, 1542
Municipal PresidentEnrique Pelayo Torres
Elevation52.5 ft (16 m)
Total Population689075 (2010)
Other information
Time zonePST (UTC−8)
- Summer (DST)PDT (UTC−7)
Postal code22800 -
Area code646

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Ensenada is a coastal city in Mexico and the third-largest city in Baja California. It is located 125 km (77.7 mi) south of San Diego on the Baja California Peninsula. The city is locally referred to as La Cenicienta del Pacífico, or, The Cinderella of the Pacific. One of the first cities founded in the Californias, Ensenada is now known as a cruise ship destination, aerospace center, and as the heart of a wine country regarded as the best in Mexico and the Americas alongside Napa Valley. It is said that the first Vitis vinifera made it to the peninsula (specifically to the San Ignacio Mission) in 1703, when Jesuit Padre Juan de Ugarte planted the first vineyards there.

Situated on the coastline of Bahía de Todos Santos - an inlet of the Pacific Ocean on the Gold Coast - the Port of Ensenada is an important commercial, fishing, and cruise ship port and generates millions for the local economy. Residents often refer to themselves as "porteños" (port-dwellers), in reference to the historic harbor. The city is home to a navy base, army base, and military airfield; functioning as an airport of entry into Mexico. Ensenada is the municipal seat and cultural and commercial center of Ensenada Municipality; one of the five municipalities into which the state is divided. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 689,075; 59% of the total population of Ensenada Municipality. Ensenada is backed by small mountain ranges. Due to its location on the Pacific Ocean and Mediterranean latitude, the weather tends to be mild year-round. Although the rainy season during the winter is short, and the area is prone to prolonged droughts, Ensenada sits in renowned wine country. The National Park Constitution of 1857 created the Sierra de Juarez and San Pedro Martir National Parks. These parks maintain one of the best astronomical observatories in the country.

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