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Ella Fitzgerald

Ella Fitzgerald
photo by Carl Van Vechten, 1940
Personal information
Birth nameElla Jane Fitzgerald
Also known asFirst Lady of Song, Lady Ella
BornApril 25, 1917
Newport News, Virginia, U.S.
OriginYonkers, New York
DiedJune 15, 1996(age 79)
Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
GenresSwing, traditional pop, vocal jazz
OccupationVocalist
InstrumentsPiano
Vocals
Years active1934 - 1993
LabelsCapitol, Decca, Pablo, Reprise, Verve

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Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 June 15, 1996), also known as the "First Lady of Song" and "Lady Ella," was an American jazz and song vocalist. With a vocal range spanning three octaves (Db3 to Db6), she was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.

She is considered to be a notable interpreter of the Great American Songbook. Over the course of her 59 year recording career, she was the winner of 13 Grammy Awards and was awarded the National Medal of Arts by Ronald Reagan and the Presidential Medal of Freedom by George H. W. Bush.


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