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Full nameDonets'k (Донецьк)
Official nameDonets'k (Донецьк)
Native nameDonetsk (Доне́цк)
OblastDonetsk Oblast
RaionDonetsk Municipality
City rights1917
MayorOleksandr Lukianchenko
Total Area138.2 sq mi (358 km2)
Elevation554.5 ft (169 m)
Total Population(-)975 959 (July 1, 2011) (2007)
Density (pop.)2960/km2 (7666.4/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)2009700
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code83000 - 83497
Area code+380 622, 623
Licence plateАН
Sister citiesBochum, Charleroi, Kutaisi, Pittsburgh, Sheffield, Taranto, Moscow, Vilnius

     Home | City | Donetsk

Donetsk ( -ukdoˈnɛt͡sʲk, translit. Donets’k; , translit. Donetsk; former names: Yuzovka, Staline, Stalino, see also: Cities' alternative names), is a large city in eastern Ukraine on the Kalmius river. Administratively, it is a center of Donetsk Oblast, while historically, it is the unofficial capital and largest city of the economic and cultural Donets Basin (Donbas) region.

The city was founded in 1869 by a Welsh businessman, John Hughes, who constructed a steel plant and several coal mines in the region; the town was thus named Yuzovka (Юзовка) in recognition of his role in its founding ("Yuz" being a Russian or Ukrainian approximation of Hughes). During Soviet times, the city's steel industry was expanded.

In 1924 at the plenum Yuzovsky executive committee had decided to rename the town from Yuzovka to Stalin (Сталiн). In 1929-1931 the town was renamed in Stalino (Сталино). In 1932 the city became the center of Donetsk region. In 1961, during the De-Stalinisation the city was again renamed to its modern name after the Seversky Donets river. In addition, some sources state that the city was briefly called Trotsk—after Leon Trotsky—for a few months in 1923. Today, the city still remains an important industrial centre for coal and steel in Ukraine.

The city is currently home to two major professional football teams in Ukraine: Shakhtar Donetsk and Metalurh Donetsk, both of which currently play in the Ukrainian Premier League. Important attractions of the city include the Cathedral Transfiguration of Jesus, the Donetsk National University, and others.

Donetsk currently has a population of over 982,000 inhabitants (2010) and has a metropolitan area of over 1,566,000 inhabitants (2004). According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, Donetsk is the fifth-largest city in Ukraine.

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