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     Home | Ethnic Group | Dagomba

The Dagomba are an ethnic group of Northern Ghana. They inhabit the sparse savanna region below the sahelian belt, known as the Sudan. They speak the Dagbani language which belongs to the More-Dagbani sub-group of Gur languages. The More/Mossi now have their homeland in present day Burkina Faso, while the Dagbani sub-group today has broken up into three ethnic groups: the Dagbamba, the Mamprusi and the Nanumba. Even though these groups today constitute three apparently distinct ethnic groups, their people still identify with each other and the bond is strongest among the Dagbamba and Nanumba.

The homeland of the Dagbamba is called Dagbon and covers about 20,000 km2 in area and has a total population of about 8,655,700. Tribes that have also inhabited Dagbon include the Mamprusi, Nanumba, Gonja, Mossi, Gurunsi (in particular the Frafra and Kusasi subgroups), the Waala, Ligbi and Konkomba. The area constitutes seven administrative districts in present day Ghana. These are the Tamale Municipality, Tolon/Kumbungu, Savelugu/Nantong, Yendi, Gushegu/Karaga, Zabzugu/Tatali and Saboba/Cheriponi. The overlord the Dagbon Traditional Kingdom is the Ya- Na, whose court and administrative capital is at Yendi. Yendi is reputed to be the largest village in West Africa. The Dagbon Kingdom has traditional administrative responsibilities for hitherto acephalous groups like the Konkomba, the Bimoba, the Chekosi, the Basaari, the Chamba, Moshi, Wala, Gurusi, Frafra... and the Zantasi. Though ethnic Dagbamba are in the majority, the people of the subject ethnic groups have equal citizenship rights in the Kingdom. The seat of the Ya Na literally translated as King of Absolute Power, is a collection of cow skins. Thus when we talk of the political history of Dagbon, we often refer to it as the Yendi Skin. (Not throne or crown).

Na Gbewa is regarded as the founder of Greater Dagbon (Present day Dagbon, Mamprugu and Nanung). Lacking in a writing culture, Dagbamba are one of the ethnic groups with a very sophisticated oral tradition woven around drums and other musical instruments. Thus most of its history, until quite recently, has been based on oral tradition with drummers as professional historians. So according to oral tradition, the political history of Dagbon has its genesis in the lifestory of a legend called Tohazie (translated as Red Hunter.).

Culturally, Dagbon is heavily influenced by Islam. Inheritance is patrilineal. Important festivals include the Damba, Bugum (fire festival) and the two Islamic Eid Festivals. The most cosmopolitan city of Dagbon is Tamale, which also serves as the Northern Regional capital.

The Mossi-Dagomba states (including Mossi, Mamprusi, Dagomba and Nanumba) are among the earliest of the great West African empires. Beginning in the 12th century, they eventually ruled the lands of the entire northern Volta basin, which today includes all of northern Ghana and Burkina Faso. During their second northern expansion, the Mossi invasion reached eastern Massina and Lake Debo in ca.l4OO, Benka in ca. 1433 and Walata in 1477-83 (These empires were in present-day Mali). According to Dr. Illiasu (1971) in his work "The Origins of the Mossi-Dagomba states", the second period of the Mossi-Dagomba success came to an end with the restoration of Imperial Songhai power towards the close of the 15th century. Although the Mossi-Dagomba states have the same grandfather (Na Gbewa) the Mamprusi and Dagomba are traditionally regarded as "senior" to the Mossi states of Ouagadougou, Yatonga, and Fada N'Grumah.

Dagomba Video

Avec ce temps pourrit, on a tenté d'invoquer le soleil... Clique ici pour t'abonner ⻠ & rejoins la HussFamily DIRECT ! Twitter ⻠
8.25 min. | 4.94 user rating

3.68 min. | 4.73 user rating
With must fan fair for the first I bring you an english version. please keep your religious ignorance to yourselves as no one wants to hear you misconceptions about people whose lives have...
1.02 min. | 3.01 user rating

5.03 min. | 4.80 user rating

4.30 min. | 4.75 user rating
Here we r havin some fun playing dagomba this dance is so much fun! lol.
4.25 min. | 4.97 user rating
Bamaya solo from Dagbon, Ghana. With Awal Alhassan and Zosimili after school dance program.
1.12 min. | 4.87 user rating
Gonjey music from the Dagomba people, Northern Ghana, West Africa.
0.85 min. | 4.80 user rating

4.18 min. | 3.7 user rating
This is an excerpt of some Field Recordings which were recorded by Nana Kimati Dinizulu in the Northern Region of Ghana, West Africa. The music featured in this segment is performed by Fusani...
7.62 min. | 5.0 user rating

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GhanaWeb--When asked by the defence how he became a warrior of the Ya-Na since he was not a -Dagomba- royal, he said the Ya-Na had the right to appoint anybody who was ... - Date : Tue, 12 Oct 2010 22:58:52 GMT+00:00

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