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Cusco

Administration
Full nameCusco
Official nameCusco / Cuzco (Spanish)
Qusqu (Quechua)
CountryPeru
RegionCusco
ProvinceCusco
Founded1100 A.D. 1st
Government
TypeCity
MayorLuis Florez
Geography
Total Area27033 sq mi (70015.5 km2)
Elevation11151.6 ft (3399 m)
Demography
Total Population358935
Other information
Time zonePET (UTC-5)
- Summer (DST)PET (UTC-5)
Area code84

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Cusco (c-eniconˈkuːzkoʊ), often spelled Cuzco ( , -esˈkuθkoIPA or -esˈkusko; , -quˈqɔsqɔIPA), is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cuzco Province. In 2007, the city had a population of 358,935 which was triple the figure of 20 years ago. Located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cuzco, its elevation is around 3400 m (11154.9 ft).Cusco was the site of the historic capital of the Inca Empire and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983 by UNESCO. It is a major tourist destination and receives almost 2 million visitors a year. It is designated as the Historical Capital of Peru by the Constitution of Peru.


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