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Côte d'Ivoire

Cote dIvoire
General information
Common nameIvory Coast
Local nameRépublique de Côte-d'Ivoire
NameRépublique de Côte-d'Ivoire
( )
"Song of Abidjan"
Largest cityAbidjan
Official languagesFrench
Vernacular languagesBaoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin and Cebaara Senufo among others
GovernmentPresidential republic
PresidentAlassane Ouattara
Prime MinisterGuillaume Soro
from France7 August 1960
Total Area124502 sq mi (322460.2 km2) (69th)
Water %1.4
Population Est.20,617,068 (56th)
Population census15366672 (1998)
Density (pop.)63.9/km2 (139th) (165.6/sq mi)
GDP PPP$37.020 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$1,680
GDP (nominal)$22.823 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$1,036
Other information
Gini44.6 (2002) (medium)
HDI(+) 0.484 (2007) (low) (163rd)
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneGMT (UTC+0)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code225

     Home | Country | Cote dIvoire

The Republic of Côte d'Ivoire c-enaudio=En-us-Côte d'Ivoire.oggˌkoʊt_dɪˈvwɑr (-frkot diˈvwaʁlang) or Ivory Coast c-enaudio=En-us-Ivory Coast.oggˌaɪvəri_ˈkoʊst is a country in West Africa. It has an area of 322462 km2 (124503.3 sqmi), and borders the countries Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana; its southern boundary is along the Gulf of Guinea. The country's population was 15,366,672 in 1998 and was estimated to be 20,617,068 in 2009. Côte d'Ivoire's first national census in 1975 counted 6.7 million inhabitants.

Prior to its colonization by Europeans, Côte d'Ivoire was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire, and Baoulé. There were two Anyi kingdoms, Indénié and Sanwi, which attempted to retain their separate identity through the French colonial period and after Côte d'Ivoire's independence. An 1843 1844 treaty made a "protectorate" of France and in 1893, it became a French colony as part of the European scramble for Africa.

Côte d'Ivoire became independent on 7 August 1960. From 1960 to 1993, the country was led by . It maintained close political and economic association with its West African neighbours, while at the same time maintaining close ties to the West, especially to France. Since the end of Houphouët-Boigny's rule, Côte d'Ivoire has experienced one , in 1999, and a civil war, which broke out in 2002. A political agreement between the government and the rebels brought a return to peace. Côte d'Ivoire is a republic with a strong executive power invested in the President. Its de jure capital is Yamoussoukro and the biggest city is the port city of Abidjan. The country is divided into 19 regions and 81 departments. It is a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, African Union, La Francophonie, Latin Union, Economic Community of West African States and South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone.

The official language is French, although many of the local languages are widely used, including Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin and Cebaara Senufo. The main religions are Islam, Christianity (primarily Roman Catholic) and various indigenous religions.

Through production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse during the 1960s and 1970s in West Africa. However, Côte d'Ivoire went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, leading to the country's period of political and social turmoil. The 21st century Ivoirian economy is largely market-based and relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash crop production being dominant.

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