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Columbia, South Carolina

Columbia South Carolina
Full nameCity of Columbia
Official nameCity of Columbia
Settlement typeState Capital
MottoJustitia Virtutum Regina (Justice, the Queen of Virtues)
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountiesRichland County and Lexington County
MayorSteve Benjamin, (D)
Total Area133.8 sq mi (346.5 km2)
Land Area131.3 sq mi (340.1 km2)
Water Area2.5 sq mi (6.5 km2)
Elevation292 ft (89 m)
Total Population129272 (US:  ) (2010)
Density (pop.)358.5/km2 (928.5/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
- Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Area code803
FIPS code45-16000 
GNIS feature ID1245051 

     Home | City | Columbia South Carolina

Columbia is the state capital and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina. The population was 129,272 according to the 2010 census. Columbia is the county seat of Richland County, but a portion of the city extends into neighboring Lexington County. The city is the center of a metropolitan statistical area of 767,598, the largest within the state. The city's name comes from a poetic synonym for America, derived from the name of Christopher Columbus.

Located 13 mi (20.9 km) northwest of South Carolina's geographic center, Columbia is the primary city of the Midlands region of South Carolina, which comprises several counties in the central portion of the state. The city lies at the confluence of two rivers, the Saluda and the Broad, which merge at Columbia to form the Congaree River. named Columbia as one of America's 25 retire, and US News & World Report ranked the city sixth on its 2009 Retire list.

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