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US State
NicknameThe Centennial State
MottoNil sine numine (Nothing without providence)
Largest citycapital
Largest metro areaDenver-Aurora-Broomfield MSA
Area Ranked8th
Total104094 sq mi 269837 km2
Width380 mi 612 km
Length280 mi 451 km
% water0.36%
Pop. Rank22nd
Total(2010) 5,029,196
Density48.31 /sq mi 18.64 /km2
Median income$56,993 (13th)
Highest pointMount Elbert
14440 ft 4401.2 m
Mean6800 ft 2070 m
Lowest pointArikaree River
3316 ft 1011 m
Other information
Admission to UnionAugust 1, 1876 (38th State)
GovernorJohn Hickenlooper (D)
Lieutenant GovernorJoseph A. Garcia (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. Senators2 Mark Udall (D)
3 Michael Bennet (D)
U.S. House delegation4 Republicans and 3 Democrats
Time zoneMST=UTC-07, MDT=UTC-06

     Home | State | Colorado

Colorado (pronounced c-enaudio=ColoradanColorado.oggkɒləˈrædoʊ or, c-enaudio=en-us-Colorado is a U.S. state that encompasses much of the Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. Colorado is part of the Western United States and the Mountain States.

The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado for the red colored ( ) silt the river carried from the mountains. On August 1, 1876, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed a proclamation admitting Colorado as the 38th state. Colorado is nicknamed the "Centennial State" because it was admitted to the Union as the 38th state in 1876, the centennial year of the United States Declaration of Independence.

Colorado is bordered by the northwest state of Wyoming to the north, the midwest states of Nebraska and Kansas to the northeast and east, on the south by New Mexico and a small portion of the southern state of Oklahoma, and on the west by Utah. The four states of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah meet at one common point known as the Four Corners, which is known as the heart of the American Southwest. Colorado is one of only three U.S. states with no natural borders, the others being neighboring Wyoming and Utah.

Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers, and desert lands. The 2010 United States Census tallied the state population at 5,029,196 as of April 1, 2010, an increase of 16.92% since the 2000 United States Census. Denver is the capital and the most populous city of Colorado. Residents of the state are properly known as "Coloradans", although the archaic term "Coloradoan" is still used.

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