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Coimbatore

Administration
Native ameCoimbatore (கோயம்புத்தூர்)
NicknameManchester of South India
Typecity
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictCoimbatore
Government
MayorS.M.Velusamy
Geography
Total Area40.8 sq mi (105.6 km2)
Altitude411.2 m
Demography
Total Population1061447 (2011)
Density (pop.)10052/km2 (26034.7/sq mi)
Metro Population2151466 (2011)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode6410(
Telephone91-(0)422
VehicleTN 37, TN 38 and TN 66

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Coimbatore ( ; -takɔəjmbaːʈɔrɪ), also known as Kovai ( ; -takɔʋaːəjpronKovai, is the second largest city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is a major commercial centre in Tamil Nadu and is known as the "Manchester of South India".

Coimbatore is believed to have been named after a 12th century Irula chieftain called Koyan. The Coimbatore region has been ruled by the Cheras, the Cholas, the later Pandyas, the Vijayanagar Empire and the Madurai. In the 17th century, the city became a part of the Kingdom of Mysore and remained so until its conquest by the British East India Company in 1799. The history of modern Coimbatore, however, dates from the 1930s, when the city grew rapidly capitalizing on a textile boom. Since then, the city has witnessed steady growth fueled by its favourable soil, climate and political and economic conditions.

Coimbatore is administered by the Coimbatore municipal corporation which comprises 72 wards grouped into four zones. It is situated on the banks of the Noyyal River in western Tamil Nadu and is surrounded by the Western Ghats on all sides. It is well connected by road, rail and air with major towns and cities in India.

Coimbatore is an important textile hub of Tamil Nadu and is known for its textile industries. Other important industries include manufacturing, software services, education and healthcare. Coimbatore has been ranked 4th among Indian cities in investment climate by a survey done by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).


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