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Ciudad Bolívar

Ciudad Bolivar
Administration
Full nameCiudad Bolívar
Official nameCiudad Bolívar
MottoNo encontrarás otra de más variada riqueza
(English:"You won't find another with such a variety of wealth")
CountryVenezuelaVenezuela
StateBolívar
MunicipalityHeres
Founded1764
Government
MayorVictor Fuenmayor
Geography
Total Area228.1 sq mi (591 km2)
Elevation141.1 ft (43 m)
Demography
Total Population350691 (2010)
Density (pop.)593.39/km2 (1536.9/sq mi)
DemonymBolívarense
Other information
Time zoneVST (UTC-4:30)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC-4:30)
Postal code8001
Area code0285

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Ciudad Bolívar (-essjuˈðað βoˈliβar) (English: Bolivar City) is the capital of Venezuela's southeastern Bolivar State. It was founded with the name Angostura in 1764, renamed in 1846, and, as of 2010, had an estimated population of 350,691.

The town lies at a narrowing of the Orinoco River and the original name was a contraction of the town's full descriptive name, Santo Tomé de Guayana de Angostura del Orinoco ("Saint Thomas of Guiana of the narrows of the Orinoco"). The city lies at a spot where the Orinoco narrows to about 1 mile (1.6 km) in width, and is the site of the first bridge across the river. Another bridge has recently been constructed downstream at Puerto Ordaz.

Ciudad Bolivar's historic centre is in a good state of preservation, with original colonial buildings around the Plaza Bolívar, including a cathedral. It today serves as an important port on the Orinoco River for the eastern regions of Venezuela. One of the Orinoco Basin's chief commercial centers, its main products include gold, iron ore, cattle, hides and rare woods. The town also gave its name to the Angostura tree (Cusparia febrifuga) which grows in the area. The bark of the small shrub-like tree was traditionally used as a bitter tonic and fever reducer. Angostura bitters were invented there, though the company which produced them has since moved to Trinidad and Tobago.

In 1973 a Museum of Modern Art opened. It was designed by Carlos Raúl Villanueva and was named after the city's famous son, the kinetic sculptor Jesús Rafael Soto.


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