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Chittagong

Administration
Full nameChittagong
Native nameচট্টগ্রাম
Settlement typeMetropolis
CountryBangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
DistrictChittagong District
Establishment1340
Granted city status1863
Government
City MayorM Monzur Alom
Geography
Total Area64.8 sq mi (168 km2)
Demography
Total Population2579107 (2008)
Density (pop.)15351/km2 (39759.1/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)3858093
Other information
Time zoneBST (UTC+6)
Postal code4000
GDP (2010)$25.5 billion
Calling code31

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Chittagong (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম, Chôţţogram)) is a city in southeastern Bangladesh and the capital of an eponymous district and division. Built on the banks of the Karnaphuli River, the city is home to Bangladesh's busiest seaport and has a population of over 4.5 million, making it the second largest city in the country.

A trading post since the 9th century, Chittagong has a multicultural heritage of Islamic, Hindu and Buddhist traditions. Modern Chittagong developed in the early 20th century under British colonial rule. But the city also became a focal point for revolutionary activities against the British, notably the armed uprising led by Surya Sen in 1930. It was also an important military base and supply point for Allied forces during the Burma Campaign in World War II. After the partition of India in 1947, Chittagong became a part of East Pakistan. In 1971, as East Pakistanis rebelled against Pakistan’s refusal to accept results of democratic elections, the declaration of Bangladesh’s independence was announced in Chittagong. The city went onto witness atrocities and naval blockades during the liberation war that followed.

Today, Chittagong is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. A major commercial and industrial centre, the city also has a globally competitive special economic zone. With the Port of Chittagong being expanded and developed, regional neighbours of Bangladesh have eyed Chittagong as a future regional transit hub. The port city is seen as crucial to the economic development of landlocked southern Asia including Northeast India, Bhutan, Nepal and parts of Southern China and Burma.


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