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China Railways CRH3

China Railways CRH3
CRH3C at Changsha South Railway Station
NameChina Railways CRH3 EMU
CaptionCRH3C at Changsha South Railway Station
Service2008 - Present
Tangshan Railway Vehicle
Changchun Railway Vehicle
FamilySiemens Velaro
NumberbuiltCRH3C: 80 trainsets (640 cars)
CRH380BL: 42 trainsets (672 cars)
CRH380CL: 1 trainset (16 cars)
NumberconstructionCRH380B: 40 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH380BL: 100 trainsets (1600 cars)
CRH380CL: 25 trainsets (400 cars)
FormationCRH3C, CRH380B: 8 cars/trainset (4M4T)
CRH380BL, CRH380CL: 16 cars/trainset (8M8T)
CapacityCRH3C: 556
- 16 Deluxe class (only 8 seats in the rear sold for the public)
- 50 First class
- 490 Second class
CRH380BL: 1043
OperatorChinese Ministry of Railways
- Beijing Railway Bureau
- Guangzhou Railway Group
LinesBeijing-Tianjin high-speed rail
TrainlengthCRH3C, CRH380B: 200 m
CRH380BL: 399.27 m
Width3265 mm
Height3890 mm
Platformheight1250 mm
MaxspeedCRH3C: 350 km/h
CRH380B, CRH380BL, CRH380CL: 380 km/h
TractionIGBT VVVF inverter control
PoweroutputCRH3C: 8.8 MW
CRH380B: 9.2 MW
CRH380BL: 18.4 MW
PowersupplyOverhead lines
BrakesRegenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
WeightCRH3C: 447 t

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The CRH3 is a version of the Siemens Velaro high-speed train used in China on the Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Rail line, Wuhan-Guangzhou Passenger Dedicated Line, Zhengzhou-Xi'an Passenger Dedicated Line and the Shanghai Nanjing High-Speed Railway. It is capable of service speed of 380 km/h as the very similar Velaro E used in Spain, but 300 mm wider to take advantage of a more generous structure gauge and thus be able to fit in more seats in a 2+3 layout.

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