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China Railways CRH2

China Railways CRH2
CRH2 at Nanjing Railway Station
NameChina Railways CRH2 EMU
CaptionCRH2 at Nanjing Railway Station
Service2007 - Present
ManufacturerKawasaki Heavy Industries,
Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock
FamilyJapan E2 Series Shinkansen
NumberbuiltCRH2A: 60+40 trainsets (800 cars)
CRH2B: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH2C (stage 1): 30 trainsets (240 cars)
CRH2C (stage 2): 20 trainsets (160 cars)
CRH2E: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
FormationCRH2A: 8 cars per trainset (4M4T)
CRH2B/E: 16 cars per trainset (8M8T)
CRH2C: 8 cars per trainset (6M2T)
CapacityCRH2A: 588/610/600
CRH2B: 1230
CRH2C: 610
CRH2E: 630
OperatorChinese Ministry of Railways
- Beijing Railway Bureau
- Shanghai Railway Bureau
- Jinan Railway Bureau
- Wuhan Railway Bureau
- Shenyang Railway Bureau
TrainlengthCRH2A/C: 201.4 m
CRH2B/E: 401.4 m
Width3380 mm
Height3700 mm
Platformheight1200 mm
MaxspeedCRH2A/B/E: 250 km/h
CRH2C: 350 km/h
CRH2C stage 2
TractionIGBT VVVF inverter control
PoweroutputCRH2A: 4.8 MW
CRH1B/E: 9.6 MW
CRH2C (stage 1):
7.2 MW
CRH2C (stage 2):
8.7 MW
ElectricsystemOverhead catenary,  
BrakesRegenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes

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The CRH2 is one of the high-speed train models in China. Originally, the CRH2 was a modified E2-1000 Series Shinkansen design from Japan with the license purchased from a consortium formed of Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, and Hitachi, and represents the second Shinkansen train model to be exported, the other being the 700T series for Taiwan High Speed Rail.

In 2004, the Ministry of Railway in China purchased an initial 60 sets of the train from Kawasaki Heavy Industries with a maximum speed of 300 km/h. However, the newer versions of the CRH2 are not related to the E2-1000 Series despite having the same exterior. The vice-chief engineer at CSR Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock stated that the newer CRH2 trains are their design with all of the main engineering components produced in their company.

In fact, according to Kawasaki Heavy Industries, they confirmed that they are no longer working with CSR Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock and the last deal struck with Sifang was in 2004 for the production of 60 modified E2-1000 Series. According to the vice-chief engineer of Sifang, "the shape maybe the same but [inside] it's completely different." A Japanese official affiliated with the 2004 deal stated that "they could not imagine that the catch-up would be so fast." Starting from 2008, all CRH2 trains were designed and manufactured under key technology developments made by Sifang without Kawasaki. In fact, the vice-chief engineer of Sifang stated that their latest models "have nothing at all to do with Shinkansen" except that they share a similar exterior shape.

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