AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Chief John Big Tree

Chief John Big Tree
James Earle Fraser's sculpture, "End of the Trail", for which Big Tree claims he was the model.
Personal information
Birth dateJuly 2, 1877
Place of birthMichigan, USA
Date of deathJuly 6, 1967(age 90)
Death placeOnondaga Indian Reservation, New York, USA

     Home | American actors | Chief John Big Tree

Chief John Big Tree (2 June 1877 - 6 July 1967), born Isaac Johnny John, was a member of the Seneca Nation and an actor who appeared in 59 films between 1915 and 1950.

Big Tree claimed to be one of three Native American chiefs whose profiles were composited to make the portrait featured on the obverse of the United States' Indian Head nickel, designed by sculptor James Earle Fraser. The other two chiefs were Iron Tail and Two Moons. Big Tree claimed that his profile was used to create that portion of the portrait from the top of the forehead to the upper lip.

Big Tree also claimed to be the sole model for Fraser's most recognized work, the doleful "End of the Trail". Both of these claims are broadly disputed, and Fraser identified other models.

He also appeared on the March 1964 cover of Esquire magazine, in a pose commemorating the Indian Head nickel.

He was born in Michigan and died in Onondaga Indian Reservation, New York.

Warning: simplexml_load_file( [function.simplexml-load-file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 410 Gone in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Warning: simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "" in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Fatal error: Call to a member function children() on a non-object in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 260