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Chiclayo

Administration
Full nameChiclayo
Official nameChiclayo
CountryPeru
RegionLambayeque Region
ProvinceChiclayo Province
Settled16th century
Government
MayorRoberto Torres Gonzales
Geography
Total Area2.4 sq mi (6.211 km2)
Elevation88.6 ft (27 m)
Demography
Urban (pop.)738000
Metro (pop.)972,713 (2009)
Other information
Time zonePET (UTC-5)
ZIP code(s)14000-14013
Area code74

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Chiclayo (-estʃiˈklaʝo) is the capital city of the Lambayeque region in northern Peru. It is located 13 kilometers inland from the Pacific coast and 770 kilometers from the nation's capital, Lima. As of 2011, Chiclayo is the fourth most populous city in Peru with a population of 629,990 (comprising 6 contiguous urban districts: Chiclayo, José Leonardo Ortiz, La Victoria, Pomalca, Reque and Pimentel) and the third largest metropolitan area of Perú.

Founded by Spanish explorers as "Santa María de los Valles de Chiclayo" in the 16th century, it was declared a city on 15 April 1835 by president Felipe Santiago Salaverry. He also gave the city the honorary name of "Heroic City," a title which it still holds, recognizing the courage of its citizens in the fight for independence.

Currently, Chiclayo is one of the most important urban areas of Peru. It has grown to become the country's fourth-largest city after Lima, Arequipa, and Trujillo. The city has a population of 738,000, while the metropolitan area has a population of 972,713 (2009 - World-Gazetteer.com). Additionally, the city is very commercialized and has many modern characteristics, as well as being known as one of the friendliest cities in Peru. Because of this attribute, Chiclayo is known as "The Capital of Friendship" and the "Pearl of the North".

The city was founded near an important prehistoric archaeological site, the Northern Wari ruins, which constitute the remains of a city from the 7th-12th century Wari Empire.


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