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Cartagena, Colombia

Cartagena de Indias
Administration
Full nameCartagena
Official nameCartagena de Indias
Cartagena of the Indies
CountryColombia
DepartmentBolívar
RegionCaribbean
FoundationJune 1, 1533 by Don Pedro de Heredia
Government
MayorJudith Pinedo, Independent
Geography
Total Area220.8 sq mi (572 km2)
Elevation3.3 ft (1 m)
Demography
Total Population892545 (Ranked 5th) (2006)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)1239430
DemonymCartagenero (s)  
Other information
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
Area code(57)-(5)
HDI (2008)(+) 0.798 Medium.
City treeArecaceae
City birdAmerican Crow Locally called Mariamulata
Saint Patron(s)Saint Catherine and Saint Sebastian.

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Cartagena de Indias (Cartagena of the Indies or Cartagena of the West Indies, in English) (-eskartaˈxena ðe ˈindjas, -enˌkɑrtəˈheɪnə deɪ ˈɪndiəslang or hypercorrected -enˌkɑrtəˈheɪnjəlang as if "Cartageña"), is a large Caribbean beach resort city on the northern coast of Colombia in the Caribbean Coast Region and capital of Bolívar Department. The city had a population of 892,545 as of the 2005 census, making it the fifth-largest city in Colombia and giving the Cartagena urban area the status of fifth-largest urban area in Colombia. Cartagena is a centre of economic activity in the Caribbean, as well a popular tourist destination.

Activity and development of the Cartagena region is dated back to 4000 B.C. around Cartagena Bay by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. The Spanish colonial city was founded on June 1, 1533 and named after Cartagena, Spain. Cartagena served a key role in the development of the region during the Spanish eras; it was a center of political and economic activity due to the presence of royalty and wealthy viceroys. In 1984, Cartagena's colonial walled city and fortress were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


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