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Cartagena, Spain

Administration
Full nameCartagena
Settlement typeMunicipality
MottoMuy noble, muy leal y siempre heroica ciudad de Cartagena
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityMurcia
ProvinceMurcia
ComarcaCampo de Cartagena
Judicial districtCartagena
Government
MayorPilar Barreiro (2007)
Geography
Total Area215.5 sq mi (558.3 km2)
Elevation32.8 ft (10 m)
Highest Elevation164 ft (50 m)
Lowest Elevation0 ft (0 m)
Demography
Total Population218210 (2011)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
DemonymCartageneros
Other information
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code302xx and 303xx

     Home | City | Cartagena Murcia



Cartagena (-eskartaˈxena) is a Spanish city and a major naval station located in the Region of Murcia, by the Mediterranean coast, south-eastern Spain. As of January 2011, it has a population of 218,210 inhabitants being the Region’s second largest municipality and the country’s 6th non-Province capital city.

Cartagena has been inhabited for nearly three millennia, being founded around 227 BC

as Qart Hadasht during the Phoenician conquest. The city lived its heyday during the Roman Empire, when it was known as Carthago Nova (the New Carthage) and Carthago Spartaria, capital of the province of Carthaginensis. Then it suffered a period of ups and downs during the Umayyad invasion of Hispania, under its Arabic name of Qartayannat al-Halfa.

Much of the historical weight of Cartagena in the past goes to its coveted defensive port, one of the most important in the western Mediterranean. Cartagena has been the capital of the Spanish Navy's Maritime Department of the Mediterranean since the arrival of the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century. As far back as the 16th century it was one of the most important naval ports in Spain, together with Ferrol in the North. It is still an important naval seaport, the main military haven of Spain, and there is a big naval shipyard.

The confluence of civilizations as well as its strategic harbour, together the rise of the local mining industry is manifested by a unique artistic heritage, with a number of landmarks such as the Roman Theatre, the second largest of the Iberian Peninsula after the one from Mérida, a lot of Phoenician, Roman, Byzantine and Moorish remains within modern Interpretation centres and a plethora of Art Nouveau buildings, result of the bourgeoisie of the early 20th century. Cartagena is now established as a major cruiser destination in the Mediterranean and an emerging cultural focus.

It is the first of a number of cities which eventually have been named Cartagena, most notably Cartagena de Indias (Cartagena of the West Indies) in Colombia.


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