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Full nameCanoas
Official nameCanoas
StateRio Grande do Sul
EstablishedJune 27, 1939
MayorJairo Jorge da Silva (PT)
Total Area50.6 sq mi (131.1 km2)
Elevation26.2 ft (8 m)
Total Population333322 (2006)
Density (pop.)2542.56/km2 (6585.2/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
- Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)

     Home | City | Canoas

Canoas (-ptkaˈnoɐs), which won city status in 1939, is the fourth largest city in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Its population is over 300,000 people. The city is adjacent to the capital of the gaúcho state: Porto Alegre. Canoas is the center of some important industries and the Canoas Air Force Base, used by the Brazilian Air Force.

According to the IBGE, Brazil's Geography and Statistics Institute, Canoas currently has no rural areas, but it started as a village of large landowners. The first of them was conquistador Francisco Pinto Bandeira, who received from the Portuguese Crown, in 1740, an area north of the Gravataí River.

History has that 1871 was the beginning of the village of Canoas, when the first section of the railway that would link Porto Alegre to São Leopoldo was inaugurated. Canoas was then part of the municipalities of Gravataí and São Sebastião do Caí. Soon large farms would lose space to small properties.

After obtaining city status, Canoas experienced rapid growth, especially after 1945. Today, many call it a "cidade-dormitório" (Portuguese for "bedroom city"), because thousands of people commute to neighboring Porto Alegre to work, as happens with all cities in the greater Porto Alegre metropolitan area.

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