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Full nameRomania
Official nameBuzău
Settlement typecounty seat
CountyBuzău County
Statuscounty seat
First official record376 AD
MayorConstantin Boşcodeală
Total Area31.4 sq mi (81.3 km2)
Elevation311.7 ft (95 m)
Total Population134227 (2002)
Density (pop.)1637/km2 (4239.8/sq mi)
July 1, 2004137161
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)

     Home | City | Buzau

The city of Buzău (formerly Buzeu, or Buzĕu; -robuˈzəw) is the county seat of Buzău County, Romania, in the historical region of Wallachia. It lies near the right bank of the Buzău River, between the south-eastern curvature of the Carpathian Mountains and the lowlands of Bărăgan Plain.

The city's name dates back to 376 AD when the name appeared on a letter that spoke about the martyrdom of Sabbas the Goth. During the Middle Ages, Buzău was as an important Wallachian market town and Eastern Orthodox episcopal see. It faced a period of repeated destruction during the 17th and 18th century, nowadays symbolized on the city seal by the Phoenix bird. Those destructions are the main reason for which no building older than the 18th century exists in the city. After that, Buzău slowly recovered to become nowadays an important modern city in south-eastern Romania.

The city's landmark building is the Communal Palace, located in the central Dacia Square. The Nicolae Bălcescu Boulevard links it to the Crâng park, Buzău's main recreational area.

Buzău is a railway hub in south-estern Romania, where railways that link Bucharest to Moldavia and Transylvania to the Black Sea coast meet. DN2, a segment of European route E85 crosses the city. Buzău's proximity to trade routes helped it develop its role as a commerce hub in older days, and as an industrial center during the 20th century. Most of the city's industry was developed during Romania's communist period, and was refactored through the 1990s to a capitalist economical framework.

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