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Bursa

Administration
Full nameTurkey
Official nameBursa
CountryTurkey
RegionMarmara
ProvinceBursa
Settled202 BC
Government
MayorRecep Altepe
Geography
Elevation328.1 ft (100 m)
Demography
Total Population1905570 (2010)
Density (pop.)1508.52/km2 (3907.1/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)2605495
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code1600
Area code(+90) 224
Licence plate16|blank_name=Licence plate

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Bursa (-trˈbuɾsa) is a city in northwestern Turkey and the seat of Bursa Province. The metropolitan area in the entire Bursa province had a population of 2.6 million as of 2010, making the city fourth most populous in Turkey. The city is as well as one of the most industrialized metropolitan centers in the country.

The city is frequently cited as "Yeşil Bursa" (meaning "Green Bursa") in a reference to the parks and gardens located across its urban tissue, as well as to the vast forests in rich variety that extend in its surrounding region. The city is synonymous with Mount Uludağ which towers behind its core and which is also a famous ski resort. The mausoleums of early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa and the numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period constitute the city's main landmarks. The surrounding fertile plain, its thermal baths, several interesting museums, notably a rich museum of archaeology, and a rather orderly urban growth are further principal elements that complete Bursa's overall picture.

Karagöz and Hacivat shadow play characters were historic personalities who lived and are buried in Bursa. Bursa is also home to some of the most famous Turkish dishes, especially candied chestnuts and İskender kebap. Its peaches are also well-renowned. Among its depending district centers, İznik, historic Nicaea, is especially notable for its long history and important edifices. Bursa is home to the Uludağ University, and its population attains one of the highest overall levels of education in Turkey.


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