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Brest, Belarus

Full nameBrest
Native nameБрэст
VoblastBrest Voblast
RaionBrest Raion
MayorAlexander Palishenkow
Total Area56 sq mi (145 km2)
Elevation919.9 ft (280.4 m)
Total Population310800 (2010)
Density (pop.)2143/km2 (5550.4/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code224000
Area code+375 (0)162
License plate1

     Home | City | Brest Belarus

Brest ( ; Ukrainian: Берестя, ; see also alternative names), formerly also Brest-on-the-Bug ("Brześć nad Bugiem" in Polish) and Brest-Litovsk ("Brześć Litewski" in Polish), is a city (population 310,800 in 2010) in Belarus at the border with Poland opposite the city of Terespol, where the Bug River and Mukhavets rivers meet. It is the capital city of the Brest voblast.

Being situated on the main railway line connecting Berlin and Moscow, and an intercontinental highway (the European route E30), Brest became a principal border crossing since World War II in Soviet times. Today it links the European Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Because of the break-of-gauge at Brest, where the Russian broad gauge meets the European standard gauge, all passenger trains, coming from Poland, must have their bogies replaced here, to travel on across Belarus, and the freight must be transloaded from cars of one gauge to cars of another. Some of the land in the Brest rail yards remains contaminated as a result of the transshipment of radioactive materials here since Soviet days although cleanup operations have been taking place.

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