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Bogor

Administration
Full nameBogor
Official nameKota Bogor
Settlement typeCity
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceWest Java
Founded1482
Other namesPakuan Pajajaran (−1746)
Buitenzorg (1746 1942)
Government
MayorDiani Budiarto
Geography
Total Area45.7 sq mi (118.5 km2)
Elevation869.4 ft (265 m)
Demography
Total Population949066 (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneWIB (UTC+7)
Postal code16100 to 16169
Area code0251

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Bogor ( ) is a city on the island of Java in the West Java province of Indonesia. The city is located in the center of the Bogor Regency ( ), 60 kilometers south of the Indonesian capital Jakarta. Bogor itself is a recognized as a municipality (cat); it is an important economic, scientific, cultural and tourist center, as well as a mountain resort.

In the Middle Ages, the city was the capital of Sunda Kingdom ( ) and was called Pakuan Pajajaran. During the Dutch colonization of Indonesia, it was named Buitenzorg and served as the summer residence of the Governor-General of Dutch East Indies. The city was the administrative center of the Netherlands East Indies during the brief British control in the early 19th century.

With several hundred thousand people living on an area of about 20 km2, the central part of Bogor is one of the world's most densely populated areas. The city has a presidential palace and a botanical garden ( ) one of the oldest and largest in the world. It bears the nickname "the Rain City" (Kota Hujan), because of frequent rain showers. It nearly always rains even during the dry season.


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