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Full nameBirganj
Native nameवीरगंज
Settlement typeTown and municipality
ZoneNarayani Zone
DistrictParsa District
Total Population112484 (2001)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneNepal Time (UTC+5:45)

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Birganj is a sub-metropolitan municipality and border town in Parsa District in the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal. It lies 283 km south of the capital Kathmandu, 3 km north of the border of the Indian state of Bihar. As an entry point to Nepal from Patna and Calcutta it is also known as the gateway to Nepal. The town has significant economic importance for Nepal as a large part of goods enter Nepal through Birganj via Raxaul on the Indian side. Tribhuvan Highway links it to Kathmandu. According to the 2001 census of Nepal it has a population of 112,484, there are several languages spoken in the town including Bhojpuri, Nepali, Maithili, Newari, Marwari and Hindi. It is the biggest city in Narayani Zone and is a headquarter of Parsa District.

Birganj is a major business centre of Nepal, especially for trade with India. Almost all trade with India occurs through this route. the bordering town Raxaul(India) has become one of the busiest town for heavy transportation due to high trade volume. Also the 29 KM distance from Birgunj to Pathlaiya is the Busiest highway in Nepal. Important industries are sugar refinery, cigarette manufacture, drugs manufacture, chemical industries, paper manufacturing and fish-breeding.

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