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Full nameBenghazi
Official nameBenghazi
Native nameبنغازي Binġāzī
CountryLibya Libya
Settledas 'Euesperides' (circa 525 BC)
Renamed- 'Berenice' (circa middle of 3rd century BC)
- 'Hesperides' 
- 'Barneeq' (circa middle of 7th century AD)
- 'Marsa ibn Ghazi' (circa 16th century)
- 'Bani Ghazi' 
- Benghazi 
Total Populationover 650,000 (2011)
Other information
Area code061

     Home | City | Benghazi

Benghazi -enbɛnˈɡɑːzi ( , Libyan Arabic: -arbənˈʁɑːziAr-Banghazi is the second largest city in Libya, the main city (or capital) of the Cyrenaica region (or ex-Province), and the former provisional capital of the National Transitional Council. The wider metropolitan area (which includes the southern towns of Gimeenis and Suluq) is also a district of Libya. The port city is located on the Mediterranean Sea.

During the Kingdom era of Libya's history, Benghazi enjoyed a sort of joint-capital status (alongside Tripoli), possibly because the King used to reside in the nearby city of Bayda and the Senussis (royal family) in general were associated with Cyrenaica rather than Tripolitania.

Benghazi continues to hold institutions and organizations normally associated with a national capital city. This creates a constant atmosphere of rivalry and sensitivities between Benghazi and Tripoli and by extension between the two regions (Cyrenaica and Tripolitania). The population of the entire district was 500,120 in 1995 (census) and has increased to 670,797 in the 2006 census.

In February 2011, an uprising against the government of Muammar Gaddafi occurred in the city. On 21 February, the city was taken by forces loyal to the National Transitional Council and is no longer under the control of the Gaddafi government.

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