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Native ameBeed
Other nameबीड · بیڑ
Established datePossibly 13th century CE
President of Municipal CouncilBharat Bhushan Kshirsagar
Total Area26.7 sq mi (69.15 km2)
Altitude515 m
Total Population138091 (295th) (2001)
Density (pop.)1997/km2 (5172.2/sq mi)
Official languagesMarathi, Urdu
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode431 122

     Home | City | Beed

Beed ( , ) is a town and administrative headquarters of the district of the same name located in central Maharashtra state of India. According to 2001 census, it is the largest urban area in the district with a population of 138,091. Calculated population of 2010 is 161,604. It ranks 295th in population in India. Nearly 36% of the district’s urban population lives in the town alone. It has witnessed roughly 23% population growth during 1991 2001 decade.

Its official name is Beed, though; Bhir, Bir, Bīr, Bid or Bīd can also be seen sometimes in official and unofficial documents and seals. Some references like Encyclopædia Britannica refer it as Bhir, Encyclopedia Encarta as Bīr and Google Maps as Bir while it is found at World Gazetteer as Bīd.

In 1990s during the government of right wing Hindu party Shiv Sena in Maharashtra, Beed town was proposed to be renamed as Champavatinagar, which is said to be its old name.

Beed's early history is obscure. Historians speculate based on archaeological remains that the town might have been founded by the Yadava rulers (1173 1317) of Devagiri (now Daulatabad). Beed town was a part of the State of Hyderabad (Asaf Jahi Kingdom) of Nizams. After independence the state was annexed to India in September 1948 following a military action. Beed remained in Hyderabad state until 1956 when it was included in Bombay Presidency. On May 1, 1960 Maharashtra state was created on linguistic basis and Marathi dominant Beed town became part of Maharashtra.

There are several historical buildings located in the town of which Kankaleshwar temple is the most famous. There are remains of citadel wall which protect a part of the old town from rare but violent floods of Bendsura river.

As district headquarters, the town has several district and local administrative offices including district and municipal councils, district and session courts and offices of district collector and superintendent of police. Hospitals, schools and colleges including professional training colleges are also located in the town.

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