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Basque Country (autonomous community)

Basque Country (autonomous community)
Full nameBasque Country
Official name Autonomous Community of the Basque Country
Native name    
Settlement typeAutonomous Community
AnthemEusko Abendaren Ereserkia
TypeDevolved government in a Constitutional monarchy
BodyBasque Government
LehendakariPatxi López
Total Area2792.3 sq mi (7234 km2)
Area rank14th (1.4% of Spain)
Total Population2155546 (2008)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Pop. rank7th (4.9% of Spain)
vasco (m), vasca (f)
Other information
Area code+34 94-
ISO 3166 codeES-PV
Statute of Autonomy25 October 1979
Official languagesBasque and Spanish
Parliament75 deputies
Congress19 deputies (out of 350)
Senate15 senators (out of 264)

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The Basque Country ( , -eueus̺kadiIPA; , -espaˈiz ˈβaskoIPA) is an autonomous community of northern Spain. It includes the Basque provinces of Álava, Biscay and Gipuzkoa, also called Historical Territories.

The Basque Country or Basque Autonomous Community was granted the status of nationality within Spain, attributed by the Spanish Constitution of 1978 to separate ethnic realities. The autonomous community is based on the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country, a foundational legal document providing the framework for the development of the Basque people on Spanish soil. Notwithstanding this spirit, the territory of Navarre was left out and made into a separate autonomous community. The capital is Vitoria-Gasteiz (Vitoria is the name in Spanish, Gasteiz in Basque), located in the province of Álava, and Bilbao its largest city, located in the province of Biscay.

The autonomous community of the Basque Country should not be confused with the larger Basque Country (Basque: Euskal Herria) of which it is a component part.

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