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General information
Common nameBarbados
Motto"Pride and Industry"
Anthem"National Anthem of Barbados"
Royal anthem"God Save the Queen"
Largest citycapital
Official languagesEnglish
Regional languagesBajan
Ethnic groups80% Afro-Bajan, 16% Asian and Multiracial, 4% European
DemonymBarbadian, Bajan (colloquial)
GovernmentParliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
QueenElizabeth II
Governor-GeneralClifford Husbands
Prime MinisterFreundel Stuart
Upper HouseSenate
Lower HouseHouse of Assembly
from the United Kingdom30 November 1966
Total Area166 sq mi (429.9 km2) (200th)
Water %negligible
Population Est.284,589 (180th)
Population census250012 (2001)
Density (pop.)657.7/km2 (15th) (1704/sq mi)
GDP PPP$6.227 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$22,512
GDP (nominal)$3.963 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$14,326
Other information
HDI(+) 0.788 (2010) (Very High) (42nd)
CurrencyBarbadian dollar ($) (BBD)
Time zoneEastern Caribbean (UTC-4)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1 (spec. +1-246)

     Home | Country | Barbados

Barbados (c-enaudio=En-us-Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles. It is 34 km (21.1 mi) in length and as much as 23 km (14.3 mi) in width, amounting to 431 km2 (267.8 mi). It is situated in the western area of the North Atlantic and 100 kilometres (62 mi) east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea; therein, it is about 168 km (104.4 mi) east of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and 400 km (248.5 mi) north-east of Trinidad and Tobago. Barbados is outside of the principal Atlantic hurricane belt.

Barbados was initially visited by the Spanish around the late 1400s to early 1500s and first appears on a Spanish map from 1511. The Spanish explorers may have plundered the island of whatever native peoples resided therein to become slaves. Thereafter, the Portuguese in 1536 then visited, but they too left it unclaimed, with their only remnants being an introduction of wild hogs for a good supply of meat whenever the island was visited. The first English ship, the Olive Blossom, arrived in Barbados in 1625. They took possession of it in the name of 'James, King of England'. It became an English and later British colony.

Barbados has an estimated population of 284,589 people, with around 80,000 living in or around Bridgetown, the largest city and the country's capital. In 1966, Barbados became an independent state and Commonwealth realm, retaining Queen Elizabeth II as Head of State. Barbados is one of the Caribbean's leading tourist destinations and is one of the most developed islands in the region, with an HDI number of 0.788. In 2010 Barbados also ranked in the top 3 in The Americas on Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index beating out Chile in 3rd, and coming after Canada in the top spot.

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