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General information
Common nameBangladesh
Local name 

Amar Shonar Bangla
My Golden Bangla
Largest citycapital
Official languagesBangla
Ethnic groups98% Bengali
2% other (1998)
GovernmentUnitary state and parliamentary democracy
PresidentZillur Rahman
Prime MinisterSheikh Hasina
SpeakerAbdul Hamid
Chief JusticeMd. Muzammel Hossain
LegislatureJatiya Sangsad
IndependenceIndependence (from Pakistan)
DeclaredMarch 26, 1971
Victory DayDecember 16, 1971
Current constitutionNovember 4, 1972
Total Area56977 sq mi (147570.4 km2) (94th)
Water %6.4
Population Est.158,570,535 (8th)
Density (pop.)963.6/km2 (9th) (2496.4/sq mi)
GDP PPP$258.608 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$1,572
GDP (nominal)$104.919 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$638
Other information
Gini33.2 (2005) (medium)
HDI(+) 0.469 (2010) (low) ( )
CurrencyTaka (BDT)
Time zoneBST (UTC+6)
Drives on theleft
Calling code880

     Home | Country | Bangladesh

Bangladesh (c-enaudio=Bangladesh.oggˈbɑːŋɡlədɛʃ or c-enaudio=En-us-Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (Bangla: গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ ) is a sovereign state located in South Asia. It is bordered by India on all sides except for a small border with Burma (Myanmar) to the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. Together with the Indian state of West Bengal, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal. The name Bangladesh means "Country of Bengal" in the official Bengali language.

The borders of present-day Bangladesh were established with the partition of Bengal and India in 1947, when the region became East Pakistan, part of the newly formed nation of Pakistan. However, it was separated from the western wing by 1600 km (994.2 mi) of Indian territory. Due to political exclusion, ethnic and linguistic discrimination, and economic neglect by the politically-dominant West Pakistan, popular agitation grew against West Pakistan and led to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, which succeeded after Pakistan surrendered to an invasion by an Indian Brigade in Dhaka . After independence, the new state endured famines, natural disasters and widespread poverty, as well as political turmoil and military coups. The restoration of democracy in 1991 has been followed by relative calm and economic progress.

Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy, with an elected parliament called the Jatiyo Sangshad. It is the eighth most populous country and among the most densely populated countries in the world. A high poverty rate prevails, although the United Nations has acclaimed Bangladesh for achieving tremendous progress in human development. Geographically, the country straddles the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta and is subject to annual monsoon floods and cyclones.

The country is listed among the Next Eleven economies. It is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the D-8 and BIMSTEC, and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement. However, Bangladesh continues to face a number of major challenges, including widespread political and bureaucratic corruption, economic competition relative to the world, serious overpopulation, widespread poverty, and an increasing danger of hydrologic shocks brought on by ecological vulnerability to climate change.

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