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Full nameBandung
Official nameBandung
Native name'Kota Bandung (Indonesian)'
MottoGemah Ripah Wibawa Mukti|Bermartabat (Dignified)
'Bersih, Makmur, Taat, dan Bersahabat' (clean, prosperous, obedient and friendly)
ProvinceWest Java
MayorDada Rosada
Total Area64.74 sq mi (167.7 km2)
Metro Area855.6 sq mi (2216.6 km2)
Elevation2520 ft (768.1 m)
Total Population2393633 (2010 Census preliminary)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)7414560
Other information
Time zoneWIB (UTC+7)

     Home | City | Bandung

Bandung (pronounced -maybanˈduŋ) ( ) is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia, and the country's third largest city, and 2nd largest metropolitan area in Indonesia, with a population of 7.4 million in 2007. Located 768 metres (2,520 ft) above sea level, approximately 140 km southeast of Jakarta, Bandung has cooler temperatures year-around than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies in a river basin surrounded by volcanic mountains. This topography provides a good natural defense system, which was the primary reason for the Dutch East Indies government's plan to move the colony capital from Batavia to Bandung.

The Dutch colonials first opened tea plantations around the mountains in the eighteenth century, followed by a road construction connecting the plantation area to the capital (180 km or 112 miles to the northwest). The European inhabitants of the city demanded the establishment of a municipality (gemeente), which was granted in 1906 and Bandung gradually developed itself into a resort city for the plantation owners. Luxurious hotels, restaurants, cafes and European boutiques were opened of which the city was dubbed as Parijs van Java ( ).

After Indonesian independence, from 1945 onwards, the city experienced a rapid development and urbanization that has transformed Bandung from idyllic town into a dense 16500 people/km2 metropolitan area, a living space for over 2 million people. Natural resources have been exploited excessively, particularly in the conversions of protected upland area into highland villa and real estates. Although the city has encountered many problems (ranging from waste disposal, floods to chaotic traffic system, etc.), Bandung still attracts immigrants and weekend travellers.

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