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Baltasar Garzón

Personal data
Date of birth26 October 1955(age 61)
Place of birthTorres, Andalusia, Spain
NationalitySpanish
Political partyPSOE
SpouseMaría del Rosario Molina Serrano
Alma materUniversity of Seville
Investigating Magistrate of the Central Court of Criminal Proceedings Number 5
In office1987 - 14 May 2010
Succeeded byFernando Pablo Ruz
Member of the Congress of Deputies
In office1 July 1993 - 9 May 1994
ConstituencyMadrid
Succeeded byRafael María García-Rico Fernández

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Baltasar Garzón Real (-esbalta'sar γar'θon; born 26 October 1955) is a Spanish jurist who served on Spain's central criminal court, the Audiencia Nacional. He was the examining magistrate of the Juzgado Central de Instrucción No. 5, which investigates the most important criminal cases in Spain, including terrorism, organised crime and money laundering.

In 1993-94 he was elected a deputy and briefly held a ministerial role in the Felipe González's socialist government. Following his return to the Audiencia Nacional, he led a series of investigations that helped convict a government minister as the head of the Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación (GAL), a state terrorist group.

Garzón came to international attention on 10 October 1998 when he issued an international warrant for the arrest of former Chilean president, General Augusto Pinochet, for the alleged deaths and torture of Spanish citizens.

Garzón was indicted in April 2010 for exceeding his authority when investigating crimes committed by the Franco regime that were included in an amnesty, and suspended on 14 May 2010, pending trial. He has been given permission to work as a consultant at the International Criminal Court in The Hague for 7 months from May 2010.


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