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Ayacucho

Administration
Full nameAyacucho
Official nameAyacucho
CountryPeru
RegionAyacucho
ProvinceHuamanga
SettledApril 25, 1540
Government
MayorGermán Martinelli Chuchón
Geography
Elevation9058.4 ft (2761 m)
Demography
Total Population151019 (2007)
Other information
Time zonePET (UTC-5)
- Summer (DST)PET (UTC-5)
Area code66

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Ayacucho (-esaʝaˈkutʃo; Ayacuchu in Quechua) is the capital city of Huamanga Province, Ayacucho Region, Peru.

Ayacucho is famous for its 33 churches, which represent one for each year of Jesus's life. Ayacucho has large religious celebrations, especially during the Holy Week of Easter. These celebrations include horse races featuring Peruvian Caballos de Paso and the traditional running of the bulls, known locally as the jalatoro or pascuatoro. The jalatoro is similar to the Spanish encierro, except that the bulls are led by horses of the Morochucos.

The name is derived from Quechua aya (death) and kuchu (corner), related to a major battle for independence.


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