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Ante Pavelić

Personal data
Date of birth14 July 1889
Place of birthBradina, near Konjic, Austria-Hungary
Date of death28 December 1959(age 70)
Place of deathMadrid, Spain
Resting placeSan Isidro, Madrid, Spain
Political partyCroatian Liberation Movement (since 1956)
Croatian Statehood Party (1950)
Party of Rights (1910 1929)
Other partyUstaše (1929 1945)
Alma materUniversity of Zagreb
OccupationPolitician, statesman
ReligionRoman Catholic
Poglavnik of the
Independent State of Croatia
In office10 April 1941 - 8 May 1945
MonarchTomislav II (1941 1943)
Prime ministerNikola Mandić (1943 1945)
Succeeded byNikola Mandić (as Prime Minister)
Preceded byOffice established
Foreign Minister of the
Independent State of Croatia
In office16 April 1941 - 9 June 1941
MonarchTomislav II
Prime ministerHimself
Succeeded byMladen Lorković
Preceded byOffice established
Member of Yugoslav Parliament
In office11 September 1927 - 7 January 1929
MonarchAlexander I of Yugoslavia
Prime ministerVelimir Vukićević (1927 1928)
Anton Korošec

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Ante Pavelić (July 14, 1889 December 28, 1959) was a Croatian fascist leader, revolutionary, and politician. He ruled as Poglavnik or head, of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), a World War II puppet state of Nazi Germany in Axis-occupied Yugoslavia. In the 1930s, he was a founding member and leader of the Croatian fascist movement, the Ustaše.

Pavelić was a lawyer and prominent politician in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, known for his nationalistic beliefs, particularly about an independent Croatia. From 1927 until 1929 he was a member of the Yugoslav Parliament where he declared his beliefs about Croatian independence. During this time he called on Croats for armed revolt against Yugoslavia, and after King Alexander I declared his 6 January Dictatorship he escaped to Italy where he founded the Ustaša - Croatian Revolutionary Movement. At first it was a Croatian nationalist movement with the goal of creating an independent Greater Croatia by means of armed revolt. In October 1934 he planned the assassination of King Alexander I and spent time in prison in Italy until 1936. After the Axis invaded Yugoslavia on April 10, 1941 Slavko Kvaternik declared the Independent State of Croatia in the name of the Poglavnik, Pavelić. As the leader of the Croatian state Pavelić took full control of the country and soon created a political system similar to Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. After the war he escaped to Argentina where he remained politically active. He was wounded in a 1957 assassination attempt by the Yugoslav Department of State Security, following which he went to Spain where he died from his wounds on December 28, 1959.

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